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Conditions We Treat at Golden Vision

Golden Vision realizes the importance of your eyes. We encourage our patients to learn about the intricate aspects of the eye and what you can do to protect and improve them. You can gain valuable information from this section of the site to help you better understand your eyes and the different steps you can take to improve them.


Nearsightedness, or myopia, occurs when the cornea is too long or curved. This causes light to focus in front of the retina, resulting in blurry vision at a distance. A majority of the population who has a refractive error are nearsighted.


Farsightedness, or hyperopia, occurs when the eye is too short or when the cornea is flatter than normal. This causes light rays to focus behind the retina, resulting in blurry vision up close.


Astigmatism occurs when the cornea is not uniformly curved. This causes light to focus in multiple points on the retina, resulting in blurry and distorted vision at both far and near distances.


Presbyopia, known as "aging of the eye", is often mistaken as farsightedness. This occurs around the age of 40 or older when the internal lens of the eye loses its focusing power. It causes near vision to become blurry and necessitates the use of reading glasses or bifocals. There is currently no surgery to correct presbyopia.


Blepharitis is the general term for inflammation of the eyelids. This may occur from irritations and allergies, insect bites, infections, etc. Blepharitis is an eye infection which produces symptoms of sticky, crust and reddened eyelids. This eye infection is caused when excess oil is produced in the glands near the eyelashes creating a growing environment for bacteria. Blepharitis may vary from a chronic, mild condition to a severe form with ulceration of the lids and damage to the eyes. Signs and symptoms may include: itching, swelling, redness, scaling and crusting of the lashes and lid margins. Blepharitis may also be part of more widespread skin conditions including seborrhea, acne, and rosacea. This condition is easily treated and rarely threatens sight, but it may cause the loss of eyelashes. Mild, nonspecific or seborrheic varieties may simply require warm soaks and daily lid hygiene. Other infectious varieties of blepharitis may require antibiotics and/or cortisone creams or even oral antibiotics all of which should only be used under medical supervision.

Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)

The mere mention of the words "Pink Eye", gets immediate attention from parents and teachers everywhere, largely because "Pink Eye" is highly contagious, and is often passed from one child to another. The medical term for pink eye is conjunctivitis. It is important to note that all cases of conjunctivitis are not "pink eye" and there is no need concern about the contagion of noninfectious forms of conjunctivitis such as allergic, chemical or environmental varieties. "Pink Eye" is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, or the transparent membrane lining the eyelids and the white of the eye. Redness or itching of the eye, blurred vision, sensitivity to light, and a gritty sensation in the eyes are all indications that conjunctivitis might be present. Thick yellow secretions may form a crust during the night, making the eye stick shut in the morning. The infection is caused by bacteria or virus and is very contagious. Allergies can also cause conjunctivitis. Depending upon the cause, treatments can vary. Hot or cold compresses or medicated eye drops or gels usually are the recommended course of treatment.

Cysts, Chalazion, Styes

Small lumps or bags filled with fluid that form on the upper or lower eyelids are called cysts. A cyst is caused when an oil-producing gland in the eyelid becomes blocked and in some cases, infected. There are times when a cyst can enlarge to the point that vision is affected. And sometimes a cyst will remain small and disappear on its own without the need for medical treatment. There are also times when a cyst will remain and enlarge to a size that causes pressure on the cornea. This can cause a slight impairing of the vision. Treatment of a cyst may consist of applying a warm compress to the eye or your doctor may prescribe antibiotics. In some cases, surgery may be needed to remove the cyst. A chalazion cyst is an inflammation and swelling in one or more of the oil glands of the lid margin (meibomian glands). An acute infection of a meibomian gland is called an acute chalazion or internal hordeolum. This type of chalazion is often loosely referred to as a "sty". A sty is an infection that can occur at the base of the eyelashes. Acute chalazions often respond well to hot compresses and the instillation of antibiotic drops or ointment.

Dry Eye

Normally, glands in your eyelids manufacture tears which are washed across your eye every time you blink. When your eye produces too few tears, or when the tears drain too quickly from the eye, the resulting condition is called "dry eye." Your eyes may burn or feel itchy, gritty, red and dry. In some cases, the eyelids may stick together upon awakening in the morning or you might find it difficult to wear contact lenses. The common first treatment for dry eye is eye drops known as "artificial tears." An advanced technique involves the restriction or closing of the drainage passages in the eyelid, forcing tear film to build up on the surface of the eye. The procedure to put stoppers in these passages is relatively simple and can be performed in our office on an outpatient basis.


A cataract is a clouding or darkening that develops in the normally clear lens of the eye. This prevents the lens from properly focusing light on the retina, at the back of the eye, resulting in a loss of vision. It is not a film that grows over the surface of the eye. Cataracts are most often found in persons over age 55, but are also occasionally found in younger persons, even newborns. Cataracts usually develop in both eyes, but often at different rates. Some cataracts develop slowly over a period of years and others form rapidly within a few months.


Glaucoma is an eye disease in which the passages that allow fluid in the eye to drain become clogged or blocked. This results in the amount of fluid in the eye building up and causing increased pressure inside the eye. This increased pressure damages the optic nerve that connects the eye to the brain. The optic nerve is the main carrier of vision information to the brain. Damage to it results in less information sent to the brain and a loss of vision. The exact cause of glaucoma is not known and, it cannot currently be prevented. It is one of the leading causes of blindness in the U.S. But, if detected at an early stage and treated promptly, glaucoma can usually be controlled with little or no further vision loss. That's why regular optometric examinations are so important.

Flashers, Floaters, & Vitreous Detachment

Floaters, sometimes called spots, are small, and semi-transparent or cloudy particles that float within the vitreous, the clear, jelly-like fluid that fills the inner portion of your eyes. Floaters are usually harmless and are seen by many of us at one time or another. They generally look like translucent specks of various shapes and sizes or like cob-webs.

There are a number of possible causes for floaters. They may be small flecks of protein or other matter that were trapped during the formation of your eyes before birth and remain suspended in the clear fluid of the vitreous. Deterioration of the vitreous fluid may also cause floaters to develop. This can be part of the natural aging process and is often not serious, though it can be very annoying. And, certain eye diseases or injuries can cause floaters.

Sometimes flashes or streaks of light may appear. This may be happening because the jelly-like vitreous is shrinking and pulling on the retina. The retinal receptor cells are stimulated to "fire" by this tugging action and cause the perception of light flashes. Vitreous shrinkage can continue and result in a part of the vitreous actually becoming detached or peeled away from the back of your eye. Flashes, floaters and vitreous detachment are common and only infrequently lead to serious eye problems.

Macular Degeneration

Macular Degeneration is the most common cause of irreversible vision loss. Macular Degeneration is a progressive eye disease that causes the deterioration of the macula - the light-sensing, central part of the retina. The result of macula deterioration is the loss of sharp, central vision. Macular Degeneration is a painless disease that usually progresses slowly. In fact, some patients may go for years without any obvious loss of vision after their first diagnosis of the disease. However, in others the disease may progress at a faster pace and can result in the significant loss of central vision.


Strabismus, more commonly called cross-eyed or lazy eye, is a vision condition in which a person cannot align both eyes simultaneously.


Keratoconus is vision condition in which the structural changes within the cornea cause it to thin and change to a more conical shape. This eye condition can cause substantial distortion of vision, with multiple images, streaking and sensitivity to light. A pinguecula is a common type of conjunctival degeneration in the eye.


Pterygium occurs when there's a triangular thickening of the conjunctiva that grows onto the cornea. In some cases it may grow large enough to interfere with the vision.

Subconjunctival Hemorrhage

Subconjunctival Hemorrhage is the bleeding underneath the conjunctiva. The conjunctiva contains many small, fragile blood vessels that can easily be broken. When the blood vessel bursts, blood gets leaked into the space between the conjunctiva and sclera.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is a vision condition where the damage to the retina is caused by complications of diabetes mellitus, which can eventually lead to blindness.

Retinal Detachment

Retinal detachment is a vision condition in which the retina peels away from its underlying layer of support tissue. At the earlier stages, the detachment may be localized, but without proper treatment the entire retina may detach, which leads to vision loss.

Eye Tumors

Tumors of the eye can occur not only within the eye but in the eyelids and tissues surrounding the eye as well as its related structures. Usually eye tumors that are malignant or cancerous originate in another area of the body and spread to the eye. Malignant melanoma is the most common malignant eye tumor. Tumors of the eye lid are usually noticed when an irregularity or bump forms and are usually benign. Tumors of the conjunctiva, which is the membrane covering the white of the eye, usually appears as a raised area. Tumors in the socket behind the eye can displace the eyeball and affect vision. There are various forms of treatment for tumors of the eye including radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of both of these treatments.

Office Hours

Golden Milpitas Optometry

Mon - Fri 10:00 am 7:00 pm
Sat - Sun 9:00 am 8:00 pm


Golden Vision Optometry of Cupertino

Mon - Fri  10:00 am 7:00 pm
Sat - Sun 9:00 am 7:00 pm